Social Justice

Social Justice

Social Justice is justice in terms of the distribution of wealth, opportunities, and privileges within a society. Justice means truth, morality, equality, fairness, and mercy. Social justice concerns the obligation of individuals to the community and its end of the common good.

Components of social justice

  • Equitable society, distribution of profit/loss without prejudice
  • Healthy social relation, participation in decision making process.
  • Accountable government
  • Decentralization of governance
  • A free and Fair judicial system
  • Easy/equal aceess to information, services and resources

Why Social Justice?

  • To protect community that are marginalized
  • To convert state to welfare state
  • To eradicate class divide and disparity
  • To address monopoly, conflict, and protest

Efforts on social justice

  • UN universal declaration of Human rights, 1948
  • Human-centered development approach
  • British bill of rights 1689
  • US revolution 1776
  • French revolution 1789
  • Convention on elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against women (CEDAW) (1979) by UNGA
  • MDG to promote social justice

Social Justice efforts in Nepal

  • Constitution of Nepal 2072 – Fundamental rights (part 3)
  • Right to social justice (article 42)
  • Right to equality (article 18)
  • Human rights commission Act 2053
  • Social welfare act 2049

Programs to promote social justice

  • Promote language, literature, script art and architecture of all
  • locals participation in natural resource usage
  • Equitable distribution of benefit form natural resources use
  • Improve employment opportunity, public health, and the rural economy
  • Special care to elderly , differently-abled, women and childern

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