Social and Cultural Transformation

Social and Cultural Transformation

Social and Cultural Transformation

1.3 Social and Cultural Transformation

Social Transformation

Society is a web or network of human relationship. As it is a well-known fact that nothing is permanent except change, social relationships also change with respect to time. Social transformation refers to change in human relationship. It is departure from traditional social norms and values.

Social Transformation

Thus, social transformation is essentially a process of positive changes resulted by changing context, activities, patterns, norms, values and relationships in the society.

Aspects / Scope of social transformation:

Aspects of social transformation are concerned with philosophy of life and life system. The aspects are: –

  1. Structure: Vertical social structure to horizontal social structure, joint family to nuclear family, star relations to satellite relations.
  2. Social behavior: abolition of gender-based discrimination, caste-based discrimination, untouchability, social evils and traditions.
  3. Social priorities: Choice of society, needs of people has changed.
  4. Life style: Global effect on food habits, clothing, residence, cross-cultural influences.
  5. Relation: Relations are being re-defined due to the evolution of new technologies and advancement in ICT, e-relations evolve.
  6. Social business: Traditional subsistence-oriented society replaced by modern industrial and service-based society. Evolution of entrepreneurship, commercialization and modernization of agriculture, foreign employment opportunities, transformation from rural to urban society.
  7. Social capacity: Increasing access to health and education increases social awareness, promotion of social participation and ownership in societal development activities.

Steps of social transformation: –

Social transformation from traditional period to modern society can be better understood by classifying it into following steps according to the nature of the society in different periods of history: –

  1. Egocentric/Selfish society: – Non-acceptance of other`s existence.
  2. Dualistic/Ethnocentric society: – Divided in to “Haves” and “Have-nots”, discrimination and divided society.
  3. Pluralistic/Evolutionary society: – Unity in social diversity, acceptance of each other`s existence and collaborative behavior due to social awareness.
  4. Holistic/Integrated society: – Evolution of social justice and social equality, modern global society with ability to reap universal benefit.

Cultural Transformation

Sum of language, religion, norms and values, traditions, customs, rituals, dress, food culture, habit, etc. created by human behavior and relationship is known as culture. Positive change in cultural aspects is known as cultural transformation.

Cultural transformation involves following aspects/components: –

  1. Conservation of culture: preserving the cultural heritages, practices and traditions that are acceptable. They are the assets to be preserved for future generations.
  2. End of cultural misbehaves: – Abolishing evils that exist in the name of culture, traditions and customs.
  3. Cultural pluralism: – Pluralism-oriented society with due respect for each other`s cultural identify and dignity.

Factors Contributing Cultural Transformation: –

  • Education and awareness.
  • Democratization in political, economic and social system.
  • Adoption of open and pluralistic society.
  • Embracement of cultural pluralism.
  • Migration and cross-cultural influences.
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