Nation Building and State Building

Nation Building and State Building

Nation Building and State Building

Nation building

“Divided we fall, united we stand.”

Nation is the collective form of people having similar aspirations and interest, emotional attachment, mutual tolerance, common identity and dignity. It is a group of people that shares a common identity, aspirations and dignity which is built on common language, history, race, culture and occupation regardless of wherever they live.

Constitution of Nepal, in Article 3, defines nation as, “Having multi-ethnic, multi-lingual, multi-religious, multi-cultural characteristics with common aspirations of people living in diverse geographical regions and being committed to and united by a bond of allegiance to national independence, territorial integrity, national interest and prosperity of Nepal, all of the Nepalese people collectively constitute the nation.”

Nation Building is the act of promoting the identity and dignity of the nation. It is abstract and psychological concept concerned with constituting and structuring of national identity in international arena by strengthening socio-economic and political base and maintaining the autonomy, independence and integrity of the state.

Nation building provides a sense of identity, loyalty, social solidarity, emotional attachment, common dignity and ownership towards the nation. It is about creating common identity among different sub-identities.

Aspects of Nation Building

Nation building is linked with common aspirations, emotions, ideas and feeling of people. It takes time for nation building. It is an on-going process which include the following aspects:

  1. Promoting ownership of people towards state.
  2. Creating the feeling of common identity and common interest among people.
  3. Identifying and promoting national symbols.
  4. Protecting and promoting national heritages.
  5. Promoting national unity by embracing and preserving ethnic, lingual and cultural pluralism.
  6. Acknowledging martyrs and national heroes for their contribution and sacrifices for the nation.
  7. Dignity of national unification, protection of frontiers.
  8. Dignity of citizenship and national identity, and controlling misuse of it.
  9. Celebrating and participating in national day events.
  10. Integrating different communities with consensus, mutual respect, tolerance and coordination.

Problems of Nation Building in Nepal: –

  1. Lack of commitment to socio-cultural pluralism.
  2. Poor public ownership and concern towards nation.
  3. Rise in level of ethnic, religious and linguistic strife.
  4. Dilemma and confusion in matters of identity and dignity.
  5. Haphazard declaration of martyrs that undermines the contribution of real martyrs.
  6. Political instability, poor political culture and consent-seeking behavior form neighboring countries in political system.
  7. Apathy in protection and promotion of national heritages.
  8. Brain drain and increasing attraction of people towards the citizenship of other states.
  9. Struggle, strife and conflicts among communities for limited resources.

State Building

A state is an independent political entity composed of fundamental four elements; viz., defined territory, permanent population, sovereignty and government with effective control over its territory.

Constitutional Definition of Nepal State:

Constitution of Nepal, in Article 4, defines Nepal State as, “Nepal is an independent, indivisible, sovereign, secular, inclusive democratic socialism-oriented federal democratic republication state.”

State building is strengthening of the state. It implies empowerment and capacity enhancement of state. Forwarding the state in overall progressive development and establishing a prosperous state is state building. Thus, state building is all about socio-economic transformation of a state.

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